Following the entry into force of the agreement, technical security measures will be defined to support U.S. space launches from Brazil, while ensuring the proper management of sensitive U.S. technologies, in accordance with U.S. non-proliferation policy, the U.S. Arms Technology Control Regime (MTCR) and U.S. export control laws and regulations. Some of the concerns raised in 2001 were echoed in the 2019 agreement, drafted more reciprocally. For example, restricted areas have been defined as areas where access is controlled by both parties to ensure the entry only of U.S.-authorized personnel, and the treaty allows Brazil to exercise control over U.S. participants.
It also authorizes U.S. personnel to inform Brazil of radioactive materials and any substances that could harm the population or the environment, and asks the United States to explain what is being transported to Alcuntara. Finally, it allows Brazilian authorities to be present when U.S. personnel dump and open shipments and supplies of equipment and supplies for inspection. Countries that support terrorism remain prohibited from using the CTC, but the treaty allows for consultation procedures on the definition of terrorism. The treaty prohibits countries that are not part of the MTCR from using the Brazilian launch platform unless both parties (Brazil and the United States) agree to an exception. More importantly, the revenues generated by launches can be explicitly used for the Brazilian space program, with the exception of the development or acquisition of category I-compatible MTCR-compatible rocket systems – missile systems capable of delivering 500 kg at a range of 300 km. As a result of these changes, the Brazilian government says the TSA will resolve previous sovereignty issues in 2019: Brazil will continue to have access to the entire Alcuntara launch centre and will oversee all operations. This is not the first time that the two countries have signed such an agreement. A TSA, signed in April 2000, did not come into force when the Brazilian Senate refused to ratify it, citing concerns about a loss of sovereignty in its space terminal due to the limited access of Brazilian officials to American vehicles and equipment. Officials are more optimistic about the ratification of this ASD.
Brazil and the United States signed a Space Technology Safety Agreement (TSA) on March 18, an important step to allow U.S. companies to take off from the Brazilian Air Force`s Alcantara Launch Center (ALC) in the northeast of the country. A Technology Protection Agreement (TSA) was signed on March 18 by U.S. Assistant Secretary of State Christopher Ford and Brazilian Ambassador for Foreign Relations Ernesto Araujo, according to the Foreign Ministry. They signed the agreement during a trip by Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro to the United States. President Jair Bolsonaro`s visit to the United States in March 2019 was openly welcomed by governments, policymakers and analysts as a successful and constructive state visit, characterized by a high level of geopolitical symbolism. In addition to the appointment of Brazil as an important non-NATO ally and Brazil`s support for Brazil`s accession to the OECD, which is now waiting behind Argentina and Romania, the signing of a Technological Safeguarding Agreement (TSA) has been a concrete step forward in bilateral relations.